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What’s the difference between a soft and hard credit search?

Mon 01 July 2019

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When you’re applying for a loan, the lender will usually do a credit search. There are two types of credit searches - a ‘soft search’ and a ‘hard search’. These searches can affect your credit report in different ways, so it is useful to understand the differences between the two.

What is a credit report?

A credit report is details your financial history. This report usually includes personal information such as your name and address, a list of your credit accounts, and any outstanding payments or debts. It also shows whether or not you have made payments in full and on time, which will impact your credit score.

If you are applying for a loan, the loan company will want to see your credit report to check if you are eligible. You can also ask for this information yourself to get a picture of how your credit history looks and if necessary, how to improve it. A credit search is a way of viewing this information.

What is a hard search?

A hard search gives an in-depth look at your credit history and this gives companies a view of not only what credit agreements you’ve made in the last six years, but also how you’ve managed the repayments. If you’ve been late with a repayment, missed it or been subject to a formal debt solution, lenders will be able to see this when they check your credit history.

This type of search will often be used when you are applying for a loan, car finance, mortgage, or a credit card. A hard search will also leave a ‘footprint’ on your credit report and future lenders will be able to see this. This will stay on your report for at least 12 months and too many hard searches can negatively affect your chances of getting credit.

If you have many recent hard searches on your report, it might put companies off lending to you. So, it is best to check your eligibility or use comparison sites before applying for any loans or credit, and only go ahead if you have a strong chance of being accepted.

What is a soft search

A soft search, sometimes known as a smart search is usually used when you apply to check your credit report yourself, or when a company is running a background check on you. It gives a general outline of your financial situation and verifies your identity without going into detail.

The main advantage of this type of search is that it does not leave a mark on your credit report. If you are shopping around to find a suitable loan, comparison companies may use a soft search to find the best match for you. Soft searches may also be used by your landlord, energy provider, or employer to get a general idea of your financial situation.

When applying for a loan, a soft search is not enough to make sure you’re eligible. A hard search will have to be completed before you can be guaranteed a loan. A soft search will give a general overview of your situation, and if a company then thinks you meet their criteria, they will ask to view the in-depth report to decide. You can carry out as many soft searches as you want - only you will be able to see them.

Will I know if a company is doing a soft or hard search?

Companies will need your consent before they can run a hard search. This means you can control the number of hard searches that are performed, to ensure you don’t negatively impact your credit score.

However, it is important to remember that the act of applying for a loan often means you are giving permission for the company to run a credit search. Make sure you always read the application carefully.

Any searches will show up on your credit report for 12 months, so you will be able to see everyone who has had access to it. Soft searches are only visible to you, whereas hard searches can be seen by all potential lenders.

About Morses Club

At Morses Club, we specialise in small cash loans to help with unexpected expenses. We assess each application in person, based on your individual circumstances. In some cases, we can offer loans to those who have been refused credit from another lender. This isn’t guaranteed but, if you’ve been considering bad credit loans, then we may be able to help.

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